Volume 6, No. 1

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Volume 6, No. 1

ANIMAL PRODUCTS IN NUTRITION OF HUMAN POPULATION

Autori: Gordana Kralik, Jasmina Havranek-Lukač, A. Petričević, I. Jurić

In this paper, the significance of animal food (meat and milk) in human nutrition and satisfaction of life needs with special look on health is reviewed. Meat is excelent source of proteins with high biological value.The proteins from meat are of high quality because they contain high share of...

TOXIC SUBSTANCES IN THE FOOD CHAIN – RISK ASSESSMENT

Autori: Melinda Zomborszky-Kovács, F. Kovács, P. Horn

It seems to be impossible to keep toxic substances out of the food chain. Interaction of natural environmental toxins and other chemicals or residues in food may result in harmful synergistic effects. In order to protect human health against the deleterious effects of different toxic substances it...

THE ROLE OF MEAT IN BALANCED NUTRITION

Autori: Karl Salobir

Meat is a rich source of nutrients which human nutrition often lacks. It is a rich and important source of essential amino acids, vitamins, minerals and also long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Moderate intake of lean meat enables easier composition of balanced diet. On the other hand...

HEALTH SUITABILITY CRITERIA OF FOOD OF ANIMAL ORIGIN

Autori: A. Kirbiš, J. Marinšek, Stanka Grebenc

Criteria of health suitability of food of animal origin are presence of causing agents of zoonosis and alimentary diseases, presence of environmental pollutants and substances, used in the veterinary treatments, radioactive contamination and senzoric changes. Hygienic irrevocability is guaranteed...

TRACEABILITY OF BEEF MEAT FROM SLAUGHTER LINE TO CONSUMERS

Autori: M. Gajster, J. Jeretina, S. Čepin, M. Mravljak

Pilot project of traceability and meat labelling system was used to build up database of Cattle Breeding Service of Slovenia. We have developed software for identification of beef carcasses on the slaughter line and the comparison between central data base and slaughterhouse database. The software...

INCOME AND WELFARE INDICATORS OF SLOVENIAN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN VIEW OF FUTURE ACCESION TO THE EU

Autori: S. Kavčić, E. Erjavec

Slovenian livestock production is facing different agricultural policy and economic environment as is the case in EU. Despite modest reforms of national agricultural policy it is still incomparable with common market organisations of CAP. Different levels of market-price support for major livestock...

PLANNING PRACTICE OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES

Autori: G. Kemény, Gy. Alpár

In the operation of agricultural enterprises, changes should cause an increase in the demand on planning. But, practically just a contrary tendence appears. 35 managers was asked in a standard interview, who found the circumstances quite uncertain for production. Decreasing the risc and...

ECONOMIC UNITY OF PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF SLAUGHTER ANIMALS AND MEAT (PATHS OF INITIATION OF LONG TERM SOLUTIONS IN CROATIAN ANIMAL BREEDING)

Autori: K. Benčević, I. Katalinić, A. Petričević, G. Kušec

For starting a long term programmes in Croatian animal production, formation of "economic unities" is necessary. Presentation and explanation of production and trade unity for animal production and marketing with subjects and phases is given here. It is pointed out that production of slaughter...

POSSIBILITIES FOR THE REDUCTION OF FAT AND CHOLESTEROL LEVEL IN MEAT ANIMALS

Autori: S. Čepin, S. Žgur

The majority of consumers refuse meat with higher levels of fat, because of possible association between high levels of saturated fat, cholesterol and heart disease. The meat production tries to fit consumers preferences with lowering fat content of meat. Such meat should also contain less...

POULTRY MEAT IN THE PRODUCTION OF MEAT PRODUCTS

Autori: C. Varga, V. Strelec, M. Volk

The authors had studied the possibility of the use of various types of poultry meat, factors which could have and adverse impact upon the microbiological quality of the raw material, technology of meat products production and the quality of products.

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF POULTRY MEAT FROM FREE RANGE REARING

Autori: B. Žlender, Antonija Holcman, Vekoslava Stibilj, T. Polak

Two provenances of broiler chickens (Ross and Prelux-bro) were (50 males and 50 females) were subjected to an extensive indoor rearing followed by a free-range rearing for a half of the population during the first 28 days. The age of chickens when slaughtered was 56 days. The fatty acid composition...

INFLUENCE OF ADDED FAT ON THE QUALITY OF POULTRY MEAT

Autori: V. Strelec, M. Volk, C. Varga

In testing conditions six groups of broiler chickens were tested for the effect of feed addition Bergafat and standardised fats added in the feed in the quantity of 3.9 % in starter, 8.5 % in grower, 8.6 % in finisher, and 9.3 % in endfinisher. Among testing groups no differences in the achieved...

ILEAL DIGESTIBILITY OF AMINO ACIDS IN PIG FEEDS AND ITS USE IN DIET FORMULATIONS

Autori: Cs. Szabo, A.J.M. Jansman, L. Babinszky, E. Kanis, M.W.A. Verstegen

The effects of four protein sources (soybean meal, sunflower meal, pea and fish meal as the main protein source) were investigated on fattening performance, carcass and meat quality traits and body composition of pigs. Eight animals per treatment received the diets from 30 to 105 kg live weight at...

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION AND CHOLESTEROL CONTENT OF THE FAT OF PIGS OF VARIOUS GENOTYPES

Autori: J. Csapó, F. Húsvéth, Zsuzsana Csapó-Kiss, Éva Varga-Visi, P. Horn

The authors determined the fatty acid composition and the fat cholesterol content of the fat of Mangalica, Hungarian Large White x Hungarian Landrace and Mangalica x Duroc pigs. It was established that no significant difference among the three genotypes could be detected with respect to saturated...

STUDY ON SLAUGHTERING WASTE IN PEKIN, MUSCOVY AND MULE DUCKS

Autori: S. Szász, F. Bogenfürst, Lívia Kós

In this study, which was part of a complex duck experiment, domestic (Pekin type), muscovy and mule ducks were used to determine the slaughtering waste from 7 to 12 weeks of age. The animals were kept under intensive conditions until 6 weeks of age and under semi-intensive conditions thereafter...

THE INFLUENCE OF REARING SYSTEM ON SKIN COLOUR IN BROILERS

Autori: D. Terčič, Jana Puhar, Antonija Holcman, R. Vadnjal, B. Žlender

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different rearing systems on the skin colour of commercial broilers. Research was carried out on 100 broilers of two different provenances (ross 208 and prelux-bro) up to 56 days of age. In the first half of the experiment the broilers were fed...

OXIDATIVE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT DIETARY FATS ON MOUSE DNA DETECTED BY COMET ASSAY

Autori: Romana Marinšek Logar, K. Salobir

Here we report on the introduction of the Comet assay for the in vivo testing of oxidative effects of different polyunsaturated dietary fats on mouse nuclear DNA. Five groups of mice were fed with the diet of the same composition but with different fat supplementation: 1st group - oleic acid rich...

EXAMINATION OF MUSCLE AND ERYTHROCYTE MEMBRANE LIPID COMPOSITION BY MEANS OF GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY ON MEAT TYPE RABBITS

Autori: A. Szabó, H. Fébel, R. Romvári, P. Bogner

The goal of our investigations was to achieve basic data on muscle and erythrocyte membrane lipid composition. Pannon White meat type rabbits were investigated at the age of 8 weeks when samples were taken from m. longissimus dorsi, m. quadriceps femoris and blood. Muscle fat content was extracted...

THE IMPORTANCE AND POSSIBILITY OF CARCASS QUALITY IMPROVEMENT IN HUNGARIAN PORK PRODUCTION

Autori: L.Csató, A. Obornik, I. Nagy, Gyuléné Berzsán

The slaughter data of the National pig database was analysed by the authors. The authors investigated the results of the (S)EUROP grade scheme, which showed the connection between the pig proportions fell into the various grade classes and their prices. The analyses started when the introduction of...

RELATION BETWEEN QUALITY TRAITS AND VALUE OF HALVES IN THE FATTENED PIGS PRODUCED FROM DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PIGLETS

Autori: Marija Đikić, I. Jurić, M. Gašparović, M. Žugaj

The research has been carried out on the fattened pigs carcasses of the groups A (n=86) and B (n=127). The fattened pigs of the A group were produced from the domestic piglets, acquired by crossing various breeds and hybrid parental lines, bred in the Republic of Croatia. The fattened pigs of the B...

GENETIC CHANGES FOR PERFORMANCE TRAITS IN SLOVENIAN PIG NUCLEUS HERDS

Autori: Špela Malovrh, Milena Kovač

In Slovenian pig nucleus herds, the genetic trends for performance traits in boars were investigated using mixed model methodology. Altogether, data sets from four farms with test stations consisted of 60709 records for five breeds: Swedish Landrace (SL), Large White (LW), Duroc (D), Pietrain (P)...

ON-FARM MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN ANIMAL PRODUCTION

Autori: Aleksandra Jug, Milena Kovač, Špela Malovrh

The on-farm management systems under development in order to insure data collection, regular data processing needed on a farm as well as automatic data exchange between farm and computing centre. The core of information system presents relational database (RDBMS) accompanied with tools developed in...

CONNECTION BETWEEN PERFORMANCE TESTING METHODS IN HUNGARIAN PIG BREEDING BASED ON GENETIC CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS

Autori: I. Nagy, L. Csató, J. Farkas, L. Radnóczi

Genetic analysis was conducted on Hungarian pig seed stocks. The breeds, which were used in the investigation, were Hungarian Large White, Hungarian Landrace, Duroc, and Pietrain respectively. Regarding the field test (own performance test) 40391; 54523; 4318; 3501; different animals were recorded...

INFLUENCE OF BREED ON CARCASS CUTS COMPOSITION

Autori: S. Žgur, M. Čepon

Carcass from 260 Simmental and 159 Brown bulls were dissected first to different cuts (chuck, shoulder, front shank, rib roast, back, loin, tenderloin, brisket, rib, flank, leg and hind shank) and then to lean, fat, tendon and bone. The comparison between two breeds was made at 12.5 % carcass fat...

FERMENTED MILK AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD

Autori: Irena Rogelj

Certain foods have been associated with health benefits for many years; fermented milks and yoghurt are typical examples. The health properties of these dairy products were a part of folklore until the concept of probiotics emerged, and the study of fermented milks and yoghurt containing probiotic...

EVALUATION OF MILK QUALITY ON THE BASIS OF TRUE PROTEIN VALUE WITH FT-IR SPECTROMETRY

Autori: Slavica Golc Teger, Marta Berlec

For the evaluation of milk quality on the basis of true protein it is essential to use fast, but accurate and precise methods. On the basis of the results of classical analysis by reference methods, the reliability of FT-IR technique for proteins, casein and urea is described. The ratio between...

THE MILK PRODUCTION OF HUNGARIAN GREY CATTLE IN THE RESPECT OF THE COMPOSITION OF COLOSTRUM

Autori: A. Z. Kovács

The ancient Hungarian Grey Cattle was famous in Europe for a thousand years until the 20th century. The fame is due to its meat of excellent flavour and mottling texture. However, this cattle type did not meet the milk production requirements of the 20thcentury because of its low milk yield, and...

SOME SLAUGHTER-HOUSE RATES OF HORSES

Autori: Vlasta Mandić, Tatjana Tušek, D. Alagić, J. Ljubešić

Nowdays horses are raised and used almost only for sport and recreation and, of course, for meat production. With the possibility of buying fresh horse meat and products based on horse meat, new eating habits have been acquired. The number of horses in the Republic of Croatia has been decreasing...

BREEDING AND UTILIZATION OF ARABIAN HORSE TODAY

Autori: Vlasta Mandić, J. Ljubešić, T. Rastija, Ž. Bošnjak, M. Sukalić

Arab horse raising has a hundred year old tradition. A real stud farm raising started by purchasing original reproductive material from Asia in 1895, 1897 and 1899. Apart from state stud in Goražde, Arab horse was also raised in several private stud farms, especially in Slavonia and Srijem region...

CROSSING OF HOLSTEIN HORSE BREED WITH SOME OTHER BREEDS

Autori: J. Ljubešić, M. Sukalić, J. Seleš, Vlasta Mandić, Marija Meštrović

An experiment of crossing a heavier-weight semi-breed horse (Holstein) with mares of Croatian Posavian type draft horse resulted in possibility of such further crossing. Attained product meets today’s market requirements: firstly as an export-meat category that meets Italian market...

CONCENTRATIONS OF Hg, Pb, Cd AND As IN MEAT OF FISH-POND CARP (CYPRINUS CARPIO)

Autori: I. Bogut, Elizabeta Has-Schön, R. Janson, Z. Antunović, D. Bodakoš

Heavy metals and metalloids are very frequent pollutants of surface waters. Due to high toxicity heavy metals are dangerous for living organisms. Contamination chain is always in the following cycle: industry, atmosphere, soil, water, phytoplankton, fish and human beings. The aim of the research is...

INVESTIGATIONS ON TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN INTENSIVE REARING OF PIKE-PERCH (STIZOSTEDION LUCIOPERCA)

Autori: T. Molnár, Cs. Hancz, M. Molnár, Gabriella Stettner

Market demands and competition force the production of high quality freshwater fish in European aquaculture. In Hungary pike-perch is the most „noble” and perhaps the most sensitive fish species. One of the constraints of the increasing its production in natural waters, reservoirs and...

NUTRITIOUS – HEALING STRUCTURE OF SOME KINDS OF HONEY IN EASTERN CROATIA

Autori: Z. Tucak, A. Tucak, Z. Puškadija, Marijana Tucak

Honey as food and honey as medicine are for a long time in peoples use. The nutritious and healing substances are different, also of the honey-herbs which the bees visit. The analised kind of honey (Acacia, Flower honey, linden-honey) showw a real richnes in healing and nutritious structure. The...

THE D-AMINO ACID CONTENT OF FOODSTUFFS SUBJECTED TO VARIOUS TECHNOLOGICAL PROCEDURES

Autori: J. Csapó, Zsuzsana Csapó-Kiss, Éva Varga-Visi, L. Kametler, G. Pohn, P. Horn

D-amino acids occurring in dietary proteins originate as a consequence of technological intervention while basic materials are being prepared for consumption. Foodstuffs are the most significant sources of D-amino acids, as in the process of cooking or during the various processing procedures used...

NEW POSSIBILITIES OF RAISING RABBIT YOUNG BY ALTERNATIVE NURSING METHODS

Autori: Tünde Gyarmati, Zs. Szendrő, L. Maertens, Edit Biró-Németh, I. Radnai, G. Milisits, Zs. Matics

In the first experiment 360 Pannon White kits from 45 litters were divided into 3 groups. The kits in group SS were suckled once a day during the first 35 days of life (traditional method of nursing). Group DD was raised by 2 does and the kits were suckled both in the morning and in the evening...

EFFECT OF BODY FAT CONTENT ON SOME REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS OF RABBIT DOES

Autori: A. Lévai, G. Milisits, Zs. Szendrő, I. Radnai, Edit Biró-Németh

The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of body fat content on some reproductive traits of Pannon White rabbit does. For this purpose rabbits of average ± 1 S.D. live weight at 10 weeks and of average ± 1 S.D. daily weight gain between 6 and 10 weeks of age were chosen from...

INVESTIGATIONS ON THE NATURAL EGG LAYING HABITS OF DOMESTIC GEESE

Autori: Mónika Pandur, F. Bogenfürst

The present study was based on the examination of the natural egg laying habits of domestic geese. The authors studied Grey Landes geese during the summer laying period. On the day of arrival of the birds a TyniTalk II artificial egg was placed in each nest. These eggs contain a microchip which...

THE EFFECT OF CHAROLLAIS SHEEP ON THE MEAT PRODUCTION AND THE SLAUGHTER VALUE OF THE HUNGARIAN MERINO

Autori: Gy. Toldi, A. Lengyel, D. Mezőszentgyörgyi, R. Romvári

25 Hungarian Merino, 22 Charollais and 20 Charollais F1 lambs were analyzed with CT by the authors. With the help of the 7 pictures taken of the short and long loin muscle and the thigh muscle, the amount of fat put in was analyzed with the different genotypes. According to the results, the...

EFFECT OF LOW DOSES OF THE MYCOTOXIN FUMONISIN B1 ON THE BODY MASS GAIN, FEED INTAKE AND FEED CONVERSION RATE OF PIGS

Autori: Á. Tóth, Melinda Zomborzsky-Kovács, G.Tornyos, N.Szalai, Krisztina Kübler

The fumonisin group of mycotoxins produced by Fusariun moniliforme is a rather newly discovered contaminant of some agricultural products, especially maize based food and animal feed. Fumonisin was discovered in 1988 of mouldy maize inspected since 1993 has shown FB1 contamination, the degree of...

INCIDENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS IN WILD BOAR IN HUNTING AREAS OF OSIJEK-BARANJA COUNTY

Autori: Z. Tucak, T. Florijančić, P. Dragičević, Tatjana Tušek

The environment of the Osijek-Baranja County's hunting grounds is a potential source of parasitically disease, trichinellosis. In the hounting grounds where wild boar is mostly dwelling, other animals which act as potential disease vectors (rats, foxes, badgers, jackal's etc.), dwells too...

SHARE AND QUALITY OF MUSCLE TISSUE IN CARCASSES OF PIGS PRODUCED ON FAMILY FARM

Autori: A. Petričević, Gordana Kralik, Draženka Gutzmirtl, G. Kušec

In this study, 60 pig carcasses were included, divided in 2 groups according to breed (1st=SLxGL; 2nd=SL), and within groups according to sex (gilts F1=15 and F2=14; male castrates M1=17 and M2=14). Pigs were produced on family farm and fattened in same conditions. Primary processed and cooled...

SLAUGHTERING QUALITY OF CROSSBRED PIGS WITH GERMAN LANDRACE AND PIETRAIN AS TERMINAL BREEDS

Autori: Đ. Senčić, Gordana Kralik, G. Kušec, V. Margeta

In the aim of slaugtering quality improvement of pigs, crossbred sows of Large White and Swedish Landrace (F1) are crossed with German Landrace, Pietrain or some other boars from exemptionaly lean breeds. Triple crosses between Large White, Swedish Landrace and Pietrain are different from triple...